Acta Scientiarum Polonorum
Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignaria

ISSN:1644-0722, e-ISSN:2450-7997

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original articleIssue 19 (4) 2020 pp. 233–242

Hubert Codrow1 2, Robert Kamieniarz1, Marek Panek3

1Katedra Łowiectwa i Ochrony Lasu, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Poznaniu
2
Nadleśnictwo Lutówko
3
Polski Związek Łowiecki, Stacja Badawcza Polskiego Związku Łowieckiego w Czempiniu

THE AGE STRUCTURE, BODY WEIGHT AND ANTLER CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE ROE DEER CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS HARVESTED IN FOREST AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS IN WESTERN POLAND

Abstract

This is the analysis of differences in the age structure and in the development of body weight and antler weight and form in male roe deer harvested in the second decade of the 21st century in areas with different forest cover. The roe bucks were shot in accordance with the principles of selective hunting binding in Poland in 2009–2017. In the investigated forest areas, the intensity of culling young and middle­aged males was the same (41%), while in the agricultural areas the most intense culling was for middle­aged individuals (48%). As a result, four­pointers (41%) and bucks with non­bifurcated antlers (34%) were most often harvested in the forest area, while it was mainly six­pointers (49%) and four­pointers (37%) in the agricultural area. In the forest area, body weight increased between young and middle­aged individuals, while in the agricultural areas it increased also between the middle­aged and older ones. It probably resulted from better foraging conditions in the agricultural land. In turn, the weight of antlers in both areas increased only between young and middle­aged bucks, while the culmination of antler development in Poland occurs in older age classes. The implementation of selective hunting of roe deer males in the studied areas can therefore be considered faulty. When making changes, it is worth using a positive relationship found in this study between body weightand the form of antlers and thus protect the strongest males in the group of young and middle ages, i.e. sixpointers. The changes are desirable because the new rules of selective hunting introduced in Poland in 2018 went in the opposite direction and made it easier to kill bucks with six­point antlers from 2 to 5 years of age.
 

Keywords: European roe deer, body weight, antlers weight and form, selective hunting, habitat
pub/.pdf Full text available in english in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.forestry.actapol.net/issue4/volume/25_4_2020.pdf

https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFW.2020.4.25

For citation:

MLA , Hubert Codrow, et al. "STRUKTURA WIEKU, MASA CIAŁA I CHARAKTERYSTYKA POROŻA SAMCÓW SAREN CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS POZYSKANYCH W ŁOWISKACH LEŚNYCH I POLNYCH W ZACHODNIEJ POLSCE [THE AGE STRUCTURE, BODY WEIGHT AND ANTLER CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE ROE DEER CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS HARVESTED IN FOREST AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS IN WESTERN POLAND]." Acta Sci.Pol. Silv. 19.4 (2020): . https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFW.2020.4.25
APA Codrow, H., Kamieniarz, R., Panek, M. (2020). STRUKTURA WIEKU, MASA CIAŁA I CHARAKTERYSTYKA POROŻA SAMCÓW SAREN CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS POZYSKANYCH W ŁOWISKACH LEŚNYCH I POLNYCH W ZACHODNIEJ POLSCE [THE AGE STRUCTURE, BODY WEIGHT AND ANTLER CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE ROE DEER CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS HARVESTED IN FOREST AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS IN WESTERN POLAND]. Acta Sci.Pol. Silv. 19 (4), https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFW.2020.4.25
ISO 690 , Hubert Codrow, KAMIENIARZ, Robert, PANEK, Marek. STRUKTURA WIEKU, MASA CIAŁA I CHARAKTERYSTYKA POROŻA SAMCÓW SAREN CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS POZYSKANYCH W ŁOWISKACH LEŚNYCH I POLNYCH W ZACHODNIEJ POLSCE [THE AGE STRUCTURE, BODY WEIGHT AND ANTLER CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE ROE DEER CAPREOLUS C. CAPREOLUS HARVESTED IN FOREST AND AGRICULTURAL AREAS IN WESTERN POLAND]. Acta Sci.Pol. Silv., 2020, 19.4: . https://doi.org/10.17306/J.AFW.2020.4.25
Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.forestry.actapol.net/tom19/zeszyt4/streszczenie-25.html