Issue 11 (2) 2012 pp. 53-62
Grzegorz Szewczyk, Janusz M. Sowa, Dariusz Kulak, Arkadiusz Stańczykiewicz
MULTIFACTOR ANALYSIS OF TIME CONSUMPTION IN MANIPULATION AND CUTTING STACKED WOOD INTO LENGTH
Keywords: wood harvesting technology, manipulation, cutting into length, time consumption
. Cutting stacked wood into length by means of a petrol chainsaw is a typical technical and technological wood harvesting solution. Due to the fact that wood harvesting is most commonly performed with the use of Tree-Length-System (TLS) or Long-Length-System (LLS), cutting into length in Poland is performed either after the first stage of skidding stems or logs to the skidding route or after the second stage of transportation, that is at the depot. Research was carried out in depots, during early and late thinnings of pine, fir, spruce and beech stands by means of manipulation and cutting into lengths using petrol chainsaws (Table 1). The aim of the study was to specify time consumption on the basis of the relativeness of EST = f (category of harvesting, roller’s length, chosen elements of the working day structure). Continuous time-motion analysis was carried out, according to the classification presented in Table 2. After completing harvesting, the produced material was received. Figure 1 presents the percentage of work activities observed in operational time. Performing cutting into length activities at a discussed working site resulted in high time percentage in case of T12 and T22 times. Table 3 presents the average values of time consumption correlated in terms of soft and hard wood species in the categories of early and late thinning stands. Some statistically significant differences in labour consumption levels have been demonstrated in case of specific stands and harvesting technologies. One multiple regression equation has been estimated – for early and late thinning. The regression model has been expressed by a formula (1). The equation parameters have been compiled in Table 4. Research results point to the relation between time consumption, the specific elements of the time structure of a working day, and the length of produced rollers expressing variable volume of produced rollers.
|MLA||Szewczyk, Grzegorz, et al. "Multifactor analysis of time consumption in manipulation and cutting stacked wood into length." Acta Sci.Pol. Silv. 11.2 (2012): 53-62.|
|APA||Szewczyk G., Sowa J.M., Kulak D., Stańczykiewicz A. (2012). Multifactor analysis of time consumption in manipulation and cutting stacked wood into length. Acta Sci.Pol. Silv. 11 (2), 53-62|
|ISO 690||SZEWCZYK, Grzegorz, et al. Multifactor analysis of time consumption in manipulation and cutting stacked wood into length. Acta Sci.Pol. Silv., 2012, 11.2: 53-62.|